Plant Ecology and Evolution 153(2): 219-228, doi: 10.5091/plecevo.2020.1702
Population genetic structure and management perspectives for Armeria belgenciencis, a narrow endemic plant from Provence (France)
expand article infoAlex Baumel, Frédéric Médail§, Marianick Juin|, Thibault Paquier, Marie Clares#, Perrine Laffargue#, Hélène Lutard#, Lara Dixon, Mathias Pires
‡ Aix Marseille University, Aix-en-Provence, France§ Aix Marseille Université, Marseille, France| Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d’Ecologie marine et continentale (IMBE), Aix Marseille Univ, Avignon Université, CNRS, IRD, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques St-Jérôme, Marseille, France¶ Conservatoire botanique national méditerranéen de Porquerolles (CBNMed), 34 avenue Gambetta, 83400 Hyères, France# Conservatoire d’Espaces Naturels (CEN), L’Astragale, 888 chemin des Costettes, 83340 Le Cannet-des-Maures, France
Open Access

Background and aims – Conserving threatened biodiversity needs a robust knowledge and delineation of the taxonomical entities targeted for in or ex situ conservation. In the genus Armeria (Plumbaginaceae), the frequent correlation between geographical isolation and morphological differentiation led to the delineation of some taxa consisting of few populations. Armeria belgenciensis is a narrow endemic represented by one population in southern France, which recently experienced a strong demographic decline caused by repeated disturbances of its habitat and was the object of a demographic rescue. Within two kilometres of A. belgenciensis, the presence of A. arenaria subsp. peirescii, also represented by one small population, poses the question whether the two populations are genetically isolated and should be considered as separated taxa for conservation.

Material and methods – The genetic structure of Armeria belgenciensis and the geographically close populations of Armeria arenaria were analysed based on 328 AFLP markers using model-based and model-free clustering methods. In addition, flowering phenology was estimated to address the possibility of pre-zygotic isolation between A. belgenciensis and A. arenaria subsp. peirescii.

Key results – The genetic structure supported a close relationship between A. belgenciensis and A. arenaria subsp. peirescii, compared to other populations of A. arenaria. Despite its recent decline, the genetic diversity of A. belgenciensis was not particularly low compared to the other studied populations or other rare species in this genus. The existence of gene flow between these two populations is likely given their moderate differentiation and the detection of admixture by one of the clustering methods. The phenological study showed that cross-pollination is possible during a short time period.

Conclusion – We propose to place these two populations under the name A. belgenciensis, but to keep them as two different management units until there is no evidence of a harmful effect due to small effective sizes.

biodiversity, conservation, differentiation, endemism, genetic diversity, clustering, Mediterranean, phylogeography, plant, population, species, systematics


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