Plant Ecology and Evolution 152(2): 285-292, doi: 10.5091/plecevo.2019.1605
New Amphora and Halamphora (Bacillariophyta) species from springs in the northern Apennines (Emilia-Romagna, Italy)
expand article infoMarco Cantonati, Nicola Angeli§, Horst Lange-Bertalot|, Zlatko Levkov
‡ MUSE - Museo delle Scienze, Trento, Italy§ MUSE - Museo delle Scienze, Limnology & Phycology Section, Corso del Lavoro e della Scienza 3, I-38123 Trento, Italy| Goethe Universität Frankfurt, Biologicum, Max-von-Laue Straβe 13, 60438 Frankfurt, Germany¶ Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at the University of Skopije, Skopije, Republic of North Macedonia
Open Access

Background and aims – The detailed analysis of algae and cyanoprokaryotes in a heterogeneous group of spring habitats (including all the different typologies) of the northern Apennines (Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy) revealed a new Amphora species in a small mountain flowing spring with low conductivity, and a new Halamphora species in a large, inland-saline (Triassic gypsum), fast flowing spring (Poiano spring). The present study aims to describe in detail these two new species found in contrasting spring types.

Methods – This study is based on light microscopy (both fresh –for plastids – and prepared materials) and scanning electron microscopy observations, as well as a thorough morphological, physical, chemical, and biological characterization of the habitats.

Key resultsAmphora eileencoxiae sp. nov. is most similar to A. vetula (and allied taxa), and is characterized by the outline with acutely rounded, moderately ventrally bent ends, by the dimensions, and by the well-defined, semi-elliptic dorsal area. Halamphora poianensis sp. nov. is most similar to H. gasseae but differs by the higher stria density, the clearly ventrally bent ends, and the strongly developed dorsal raphe ledge.

Conclusions – This is a contribution to the knowledge of the genera Amphora and Halamphora in mountain springs in understudied geographic areas and inland-saline springs, the species communities of which are likely insufficiently explored.

diatoms, springs, inland saline habitats, new species, Amphora eileencoxiae, Halamphora poianensis, northern Apennines


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